Terms of Service
From SAGES Surgical Wiki
No contract; limited license
Please make sure that you understand that the information provided here is being provided freely, and that no kind of agreement or contract is created between you and the owners or users of this wiki, the owners of the servers upon which it is housed, the individual SAGES Surgical Wiki contributors, any project administrators, sysops or anyone else who is in any way connected with this project or sister projects subject to your claims against them directly. You are being granted a limited license to copy anything from this wiki; it does not create or imply any contractual or extra-contractual liability on the part of the SAGES Surgical Wiki or any of its agents, members, organizers or other users.
There is no agreement or understanding between you and SAGES or the SAGES Surgical Wiki regarding your use or modification of this information beyond the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL); neither is anyone at SAGES or the SAGES Surgical Wiki responsible should someone change, edit, modify or remove any information that you may post on the SAGES Surgical Wiki or any of its associated projects.
User-contributed image content
All user-contributed image content on this wiki, are unless otherwise stated licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported licence.
This content may not be modified, copied, distributed, reused, reproduced, republished, downloaded, displayed, posted, transmitted, or sold in any form or by any means, in whole or in part outside the bounds of this license, without prior written permission from (when possible) the contributing user.
SAGES grants you non-exclusive, non-transferable, limited permission to access and display the pages within the SAGES Surgical Wiki, solely on your computer and for your personal non-commercial use of the wiki. If you use or reference content from the wiki, such content is not provided as "public domain." This content may not be modified, copied, distributed, reused, reproduced, republished, downloaded, displayed, posted, transmitted, or sold in any form or by any means, in whole or in part outside the bounds of this license, without prior written permission from (when possible) the contributing user.
Should the contributing user not be available to grant or deny permission to user part of, or entire, cases, images, diagrams then the editors of the SAGES Wiki will decide at their discretion.
All text content on this wiki (including but not limited to articles, textbooks, study guides, reviews, image descriptions) are the property of SAGES, and unless otherwise stated licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported licence.
SAGES grants you non-exclusive, non-transferable, limited permission to access and display the pages within the SAGES Surgical Wiki, solely on your computer and for your personal non-commercial use of the wiki. If you use or reference content from the wiki, such content is not provided as "public domain." Content may not be modified, copied, distributed, reused, reproduced, republished, downloaded, displayed, posted, transmitted, or sold in any form or by any means, in whole or in part outside the bounds of this license, without prior written permission from SAGES.
All designs, arrangements, graphics pertaining to the Wiki belong to SAGES.
Any use of the content other than the limited one authorized above is strictly prohibited. You further agree that you will comply with the provisions of the Intellectual Property laws and regulations regarding inter alia the rights of database producers and in particular that you will not extract, by a permanent or temporary transfer, to any media and in any format, including through electronic means or otherwise in a substantially qualitative or quantitative manner, any data from the databases maintained on this wiki, in whole or in part, including but not limited to customer identities and that you will not reuse, in a substantially qualitative or quantitative manner, any such data, in whole or in part, on any media and in any format, with a view to putting the same at the public's disposal.
All trademarks on the wiki are either tradenames or registered trademarks of SAGES or its affiliates or licensors and may not be reproduced, imitated, or used, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of SAGES or such affiliates or licensors, as the case may be. All page headers, custom graphics, button icons, and logos are service marks, trademarks and/or trade dress of SAGES or its affiliates, and may not be reproduced, imitated, or used, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of SAGES or such affiliates.
Other trademarks, registered trademarks, product names, and company names and/or logos displayed on the wiki are the property of their respective owners.
Notice of Copyright Infringement
If you believe that your copyrighted material has been improperly used on this wiki, please Contact Us (firstname.lastname@example.org)
In using this wiki, you agree:
- not to disrupt or interfere with the security of, or otherwise abuse, the wiki, or any services, system resources, accounts, servers or networks connected to or accessible through the wiki or affiliated or linked Web sites
- not to disrupt or interfere with any other user's enjoyment of the wiki or affiliated or linked web sites
- not to upload, post, or otherwise transmit through or on this wiki any viruses or other harmful, disruptive or destructive files
- not to use or attempt to use another's account, service or system without authorization from SAGES , or create or use a false identity on this wiki
- not to transmit through or on this wiki spam, chain letters, junk mail or any other type of unsolicited mass email to people or entities who have not agreed to be part of such mailings
- not to divulge your username and password to others either on or off the wiki
- not to attempt to obtain unauthorized access to the wiki or portions of the wiki which are restricted from general access and,
- not use this wiki to seek, provide or obtain specific medical advice, medical opinion, diagnosis or treatment as applied to a patient's particular condition or situation.
In addition, you agree that you are solely responsible for actions and communications undertaken or transmitted under your account, and that you will comply with all applicable local, state, national and international laws and regulations.
Online Communities and Other Interactive Areas
The wiki contains areas where you may post and share comments with other wiki users on a variety of subjects. You agree that you will not post or otherwise disseminate on or through the wiki unlawful, defamatory, harassing, libelous, tortuous, abusive, offensive, threatening, or obscene communications or material of any kind, or materials which infringe or violate any third party's copyright, trademark, trade secret, privacy or other proprietary or property right, or that could constitute a criminal offense, give rise to civil liability or otherwise violate any applicable law or regulation or, that are otherwise objectionable, including without limitation, content that evidences bigotry, racism, sexism, or hatred, or that promotes illegal activities, including without limitation unauthorized uses of medical devices, or physical harm against anyone. SAGES reserves the right but not the obligation to remove any materials it deems objectionable, in its sole discretion and without any reference to you. You agree to hold harmless SAGES and its affiliates and parties with whom SAGES has contracted for purposes of hosting or maintaining this wiki from all claims from third parties based upon communications made or materials posted by you or upon your abuse of this wiki.
You expressly agree that you will not discuss or refer to any particular patient, any particular patient's medical condition or any other information which could identify a particular patient using personal health information defined by the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. You further expressly agree that you will not discuss, endorse or refer to “off label” uses of medical products, including any uses which have not been approved by the, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or other applicable regulatory agency without prior approval from SAGES or the SAGES wiki editorial staff.
Online Communications on and through the Wiki
Except as provided for above in “User contributed image content” you agree that any communications you transmit to anyone through the wiki or copyrighted works you post on the wiki, including, without limitation, questions, comments, suggestions, ideas, plans, notes, drawings, configurations, specifications, purchase orders, quotes or requests for quotes, performance data, account information, or other material, data or information (collectively, “Information”), are non-confidential and non-proprietary and upon transmission of such Information to SAGES via email or other means you grant to SAGES an unrestricted, irrevocable, nonexclusive, royalty-free, sub-licensable, world-wide license (including but not limited to a copyright license) to use, reproduce, display, publicly perform, transmit and distribute such Information in any media for any purpose and you further agree that SAGES is free to use any ideas, concepts and know-how that you or individuals acting on your behalf provide to us.
Links and Third Party Content
Links to Other Web Sites
This wiki may from time to time contain links to other web sites. These links are provided as a convenience and do not constitute an endorsement, sponsorship (except in the case of “the sponsor” clearly identified) or recommendation by SAGES of or affiliation or association of SAGES with or responsibility of SAGES for the linked web sites or any content, services or products available on or through such sites. If you decide to visit any linked site, you do so at your own risk and it is your responsibility to take all protective measures to guard against viruses or other destructive elements.
Links do not imply that SAGES or this wiki is legally authorized to use any trademark, trade name, logo or copyright symbol displayed in or accessible through the links, or that any linked site is authorized to use any trademark, trade name, logo or copyright symbol of ours or of any of our affiliates or subsidiaries.
Links from Other Web Sites
All links to this wiki must be approved in writing by SAGES legal representatives, except those SAGES consents to links in which:
the link, when activated by a user, displays this home page of the wiki full-screen and not within a “frame” on the linked web site, and the appearance, position, and other aspects of the link do not (i) create the false appearance that an entity or its activities or products are associated with or sponsored by SAGES or its affiliates, or (ii) be such as to damage or dilute the goodwill associated with the name and trademarks of SAGES or its affiliates.
In any event, you agree that SAGES reserves the right to withdraw this consent to link without reason or notice and at any time and you further undertake to delete any link for which SAGES's consent has been withdrawn.
Third Party Content
This wiki may from time to time contain material, data or information provided, posted or offered by third parties, including but not limited to advertisements or postings in online community discussions. You agree that neither SAGES nor its affiliates shall have any liability whatsoever to you for any such third party material, data or information.
Disclaimers and Limitations of Liability
This wiki and the content available through it, are provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis.
In no event will SAGES be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary or consequential damages of any type whatsoever related to or arising from this wiki or any use of this web site, or of any site or resource linked to, referenced, or accessed through this wiki, or for the use or downloading of, or access to, any materials, information, products, or services. This exclusion and waiver of liability applies to all causes of action, whether based on contract, warranty, tort, statute, common law or any other legal theory.
You acknowledge that SAGES does not control in any respect any information, products or services offered by third parties through the wiki.
Except as otherwise agreed in writing, SAGES and its affiliates assume no responsibility for and make no warranty or representation as to the accuracy, currency, completeness, reliability or usefulness of any advice, opinion, statement or other content or of any products or services distributed or made available by third parties through the wiki.
SAGES does not make any warranty that this wiki or its content will meet your requirements (see subsection “medical disclaimer” below), or that this wiki or its content will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free, or that defects, if any, will be corrected. Nor does SAGES make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from use of this wiki or its content or as to the accuracy, completeness or reliability of any information obtained through use of this wiki. SAGES assumes no responsibility for any damages suffered by a user, including, but not limited to, loss of data from delays, nondeliveries of content or email, errors, system down time, misdeliveries of content or email, network or system outages, file corruption, or service interruptions caused by the negligence of SAGES , its affiliates, its licensors, or a user's own errors and/or omissions.
Except as otherwise provided under applicable laws and regulations regarding the security of personal data, SAGES disclaims any warranty or representation that confidentiality of information transmitted through the wiki will be maintained. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from SAGES or third parties through the wiki shall create any warranty.
Some states / countries do not allow the limitation or exclusion of certain warranties or conditions, so some of the above exclusions may not apply to you.
SAGES provides no assurances that any reported problems may be resolved with the use of the wiki or any content. In addition, the wiki is not uniformly reviewed; while readers may correct errors or engage in casual peer review, SAGES and the SAGES surgical wiki editors have no legal duty to do so and thus all content is provided "as-is." subject to statutory warranties, if any, that cannot be excluded, SAGES , its developers and suppliers make no warranties, representations, guarantees or conditions of any kind, whether express, implied or statutory, including but not limited to, the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. Without limitation, SAGES makes no warranty or guarantee that the wiki or this web site will be uninterrupted, timely, secure or error-free. Even documentation that has been vetted by informal peer review processes may later have been edited inappropriately, just before you view them.
None of the contributors, sponsors, administrators, or anyone else connected with the SAGES surgical wiki in any way whatsoever can be responsible for the appearance of any inaccurate, damaging libelous information or for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages.
You acknowledge and agree that the information provided on the wiki should not be used for diagnosis of self or others, treatment planning, or as a substitute for independent medical advice.
As content is submitted by individual users SAGES and the SAGES Surgical Wiki editors cannot guarantee its accuracy and assume no legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, currency or completeness of the information.
Content on the SAGES Surgical Wiki is provided for educational and informational purposes only, and is intended for medical professionals. It should not be used to self diagnose or self treat. It is not intended as, nor should it be, a substitute for independent professional medical care. We recommend that you consult your own physician regarding any diagnosis, imaging interpretation or course of treatment.
Medical practitioners must make their own independent assessment before suggesting a diagnosis or recommending or instituting a course of treatment. Sageswiki.org in no way should be seen as a replacement for consultation with colleagues and /or other sources, nor as a substitute for conventional training and study.
If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial, or risk management) please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area. The content of this Wiki does not seek to replace professional advice but is intended as a research tool and to aid discussion and debate.
Jurisdiction and legality of content
Publication of information found in the SAGES Surgical Wiki may be in violation of the laws of the country or jurisdiction from where you are viewing this information. The SAGES Surgical Wiki database is stored on a server in the State of California in the United States of America, and is maintained in reference to the protections afforded under local and federal law. Laws in your country or jurisdiction may not protect or allow the same kinds of speech or distribution. The SAGES Surgical Wiki does not encourage the violation of any laws; and cannot be responsible for any violations of such laws, should you link to this domain or use, reproduce, or republish the information contained herein.
The SAGES Surgical Wiki may contain material which may portray an identifiable person who is alive or deceased recently. The use of images of living or recently deceased individuals is, in some jurisdictions, restricted by laws pertaining to personality rights independent from their copyright status. Before using these types of content, please ensure that you have the right to use it under the laws which apply in the circumstances of your intended use. You are solely responsible for ensuring that you do not infringe someone else's personality rights.
Limitation of Liability
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, NEGLIGENCE, SHALL SAGES OR ITS PARENTS, SUBSIDIARIES, AFFILIATES, OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS, OR SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF OR THE INABILITY TO USE THIS WIKI OR ANY CONTENT CONTAINED ON THE WIKI, OR, EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE PROVIDED UNDER APPLICABLE LAWS AND REGULATIONS REGARDING THE SECURITY OF PERSONAL DATA, RESULTING FROM UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS TO OR ALTERATION OF YOUR TRANSMISSIONS OR DATA, OR OTHER INFORMATION THAT IS SENT OR RECEIVED OR NOT SENT OR RECEIVED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, USE, DATA OR OTHER INTANGIBLES, EVEN IF HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. THE PARTIES ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THIS IS A REASONABLE ALLOCATION OF RISK.
SOME STATES / COUNTRIES DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO SOME OF THE ABOVE MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
This web site is a service provided by the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), a 501C6 organization incorporated in Washington D.C.
All content of this website (http://sageswiki.org – “this website”) is created and edited by registered users of SAGES website (www.sages.org/) who have voluntarily provided identifiable information to SAGES for the purpose of creating documents or editing documents in this website, or for receiving materials, newsletters, or wish to contract or join SAGES. The extent of identifiable information provided by registered users is completely voluntary and determined by the user.
Only registered users may publicly create or edit documents within this website, which are accessible to anyone with Internet access. The registered user will be publically identified as the author of such document creations or edits by their username, and as such, any identifiable information provided as a result of user registration will be accessible to any user with Internet access. Any contributions or edits to this website are publically available and may be freely copied, quoted, reused, or adapted by third parties with appropriate citation to sageswiki.org.
Registered users may access all of their personally identifiable information by logging in under their member email and password, and modify or correct identifiable information at any time. Reasonable measures are taken to safeguard the unauthorized access and modification of a registered user’s public profile.
SAGES Surgical Wiki Content Standards
SAGES wiki is meant to function as a true wikipedia, and content will be monitored and edited by SAGES members as a form of peer review. Dialogue about content should be raised in the discussion pages. With the goal of maintaining a premier surgical encyclopedia, inappropriate behavior will not be tolerated:
Use of profanity or inappropriate images
Creation of pages of questionable intent, hoaxes, self promotion and advertising, and personal attacks
Spam, including (i) links to unrelated external sites and (ii) links to personal websites
Using or uploading copyrighted material without permission
Articles about living or deceased persons, should carry a high degree of sensitivity. Use high-quality references, particularly about details of personal lives. Administrators reserve the right to remove any unsourced or poorly sourced contentious material—whether negative, positive, or questionable—about living or deceased persons with complete removal and without reference in the discussion, history, or other related pages.
Article naming should give priority to what the majority of English speakers worldwide and within the professions of medicine and surgery would most easily recognize. Article names should be in the singular, not pleural, form in the majority of cases. Avoid preceding function words such as “a” or “the.”
Example: Cholecystectomy would be a reasonable article name, rather than Cholecystectomies (pleural), or The Cholecystectomy. “Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy” may exist as a subheading under “Cholecystectomy,” or in some cases, such a topic may warrant an article by itself.
Articles may not contain any unpublished theories, data, statements, concepts, arguments, or ideas that are not otherwise considered general knowledge – unless cited as such - or any new interpretation, analysis, or synthesis of published data, statements, concepts, or guidelines that is unsubstantiated.
Sources should be cited according to AMA style, and journal/text abbreviations according to National Library of Medicine conventions.
Baker SP, O’Neill B, Ginsburg M. The Injury Fact Book. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1992.
Krause RM. The origin of plagues: old and new. Science. 1992;257:1073-1078.
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000. Atlanta, Ga: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2002. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhanes/ NHANES99_00.htm. Accessed April 1, 2003.
Users are responsible for not reproducing copyright-protected text, images, or other multimedia material.
Any article, page, category, image, or multimedia material that exists primarily to disparage a subject, institution, persons, or person is an "attack page". Administrators reserve the right to remove attack pages at any time.
Page deletion requires an administrator and will follow a consensus process involving the SAGES Wiki Task Force.